Cultivo in vitro de anteras en arroz (Oryza sativa L.): una revisión general

  • Gerardo Mallap-Detquizán Instituto de Investigación para el Desarrollo Sustentable de Ceja de Selva (INDES-CES)
Palabras clave: Haploides, inducción, medio de cultivo, microsporas, regeneración.

Resumen

El arroz es el segundo cereal más importante en el mundo. El continuo crecimiento poblacional ha generado una mayor demanda de los productos consumibles de primera necesidad, siendo un reto para los científicos e investigadores mejorar los cultivos. En ese contexto, el objetivo de esta revisión fue resumir y exponer la evidencia de estudios sobre el cultivo de anteras de arroz donde se incluye detalladamente las distintas etapas de desarrollo y crecimiento a nivel in vitro y obtención de plantas verdes. Para ello, se realizó la búsqueda de artículos científicos en base de datos Scopus, ScienceDirect, SpringerLink, SciELO y Web of Science, utilizando palabras clave como “anther culture”, “rice hybrids”, “doubled haploids”, “haploids”, “embryogenesis”, entre otros. Los resultados de esta revisión muestran que los estudios sobre cultivo in vitro de anteras generalmente se publica en inglés, siendo India y China los principales países que desarrollan estudios sobre el tema. En general, se puede decir que, el uso de herramientas biotecnológicas a través del cultivo in vitro de anteras ha permitido obtener variedades con mejores características agronómica.

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Citas

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Publicado
2022-07-11
Cómo citar
Mallap-DetquizánG. (2022). Cultivo in vitro de anteras en arroz (Oryza sativa L.): una revisión general. Revista Científica Pakamuros, 10(2), 17 - 32. https://doi.org/10.37787/pakamuros-unj.v10i2.285
Sección
Artículos de revisión